historyHistory and literature

April 20: International Cannabis Day (420)

Every year at 20 in April, cannabis consumers and legal advocates drive to unionize and celebrate the release of the plant together. There are many theories of the way the term '420' has brought about the culture of cannabis and from there to the mainstream in recent years, but there is one poster that is probably the first evidence of this phenomenon.

420 (four and twenty) is a known slang expression that refers to cannabis consumption, especially cannabis consumption at 4: 20 at noon. The date 4 / 20 (April 20) is now known for celebrations and demonstrations related to cannabis around the world.

But what is the origin of the term 420? Well, there are all sorts of theories about this (See here), But on one thing there is no argument - the concept first appeared in the printed press in the magazine High Times of May 1991.

The editor of the High Times magazine at the time, Steve Bloom, first heard of the concept a little earlier, at the Grateful Dead performance, when a few young people passed him a small flyer entitled "Make Cannabis in 4: 20 "He said.

The flyer describes tips for smoking Cannabis at 4: 20 at noon and an arrival guide to the destination where the official date of the plant lovers will be celebrated.

The original 420 flier that was distributed at the Grateful Dead concert at 1990
The original 420 flier that was distributed at the Grateful Dead concert at 1990

Bloom says that shortly after he published a transcript of this flyer at 1991, the concept began to appear everywhere - baseball caps, shirts, and stickers.

The first mass cannabis events that took place on April 20 were in San Francisco in the mid-90 and were organized by the Cannabis Action Network legalization group. These events spread to the rest of the United States in the years to come, and later to other major cities in the world.

In most places in the world police treat patiently with patience and arrests are considered a rare spectacle at such events.

The first time 420 appeared in the media - High Times Magazine, May 1991
The first time 420 appeared in the media - High Times Magazine, May 1991

So why specifically 20 in April?

One common complaint is that the Colorado police used to raid drug dealers' homes at exactly the same time that morning, believing that this would surprise the suspects in their sleep, is of course not true. Some say that 4 is a number that represents the amount of cannabinoids present in the cannabis plant (and this is not true) and some will tell you that 20 is a code number of US cops used to report drug-related events, and no, it is not.

The most common and accepted claim, which was also officially accepted by the popular cannabis magazine High Times, is that the term 420 was born in 1971 By a group of students From California's San Rafael University who used to meet each day at the same time (4: 20) and smoke marijuana. Over time, the expression "420" became a code name for the daily yacht.

Members of the gang 420
The original 420 band

Another interesting argument is that the term was born 5 years earlier and originated in the song of Bob Dylan From 1966, known as "Everybody Must Get Stoned" and actually called "Rainy Day Women 12 & 35". If you multiply 12 by 35, you will of course get 420.

Another argument holds that the concept of 420 is even more ancient and is in a short story called "In the Walls of Eryx"Published in 1939 in the United States and told about a wonderful plant that at some time of the day stimulates the senses. At some stage in the story, the narrator looks at his watch after a while in a sensory trance and discovers that it is not long before the hour is still 4: 20.

But one hypothesis goes a long way back to a period of more than 5,000 years ago. Yosef Leib, The devout Jew who loves shacks And who wrote the book "Cannabis Hasidis"He published in HuffPost a very interesting hypothesis - he claims that the source of the term 420 may be more than 5,000 years ago and is inherent in Judaism and numerology.

"The word 'smoke' in the gematria is 420 - G = 70, S = 300 and N = 50," explains Leib. "The Exodus from Egypt symbolizes the fall of the walls and barriers of the soul and the liberation of slavery. The liberation of physical slavery in the story of the exodus from Egypt and the release of mental slavery through the cannabis. "

Either way while consuming cannabis it is customary to specify "happy 420", and any time can match that since according to the saying "it is always 4: 20 somewhere ...".


Cannabis fines

(Starting with 1 in April 2019)

Based on a figure revealed by Minister Erdan. Police refuse to reveal official figureDetails here)

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