Did the people who brought the suicide bombings into the Muslim world were actually a bunch of smoked stalagmites? Meet the medieval da'as - the dreadful sect of license, and the connection they had or did not have to the hash we love so much.
By: Ziv Janisov
Almost a thousand years before Hassan Nasrallah broke into the world and launched Hezbollah into the place where he is today, the spiritual fathers of the Shiite terrorist organization, the Hashishis, were active in the Middle East.
The Hushians, also known as'License plateDominated their peak over a very wide territory, from Persia (today's Iran) to Syria, causing terror and fear among the neighboring neighbors.
The Hasashianites spread throughout Asia, Africa, and the Mediterranean basin as cruel and ruthless murderers who carried out their plots with determination and cold-bloodedness, hoping to die as shaheeds and enjoy the delicacies of the World to Come.
In fact, there are historians who claim that the license period was the first Muslim group to take systematic actions of kamikaze suicide, or "suicide bombings" as they are called today.
Their goal was to glorify the wages of the suicide bombers in Paradise. The modern terrorist organizations, it is estimated, also draw some of the inspiration of the Hashishians, along with their religious outlook, organizational structure and patterns of action.
So who were the Hashishians and how the hell did all that bloodshed come into the picture?
All from Allah
As befitting any religious idea that passes through time and interpretations, Muslims can also find countless groups that hold different worldviews and sometimes even opposing each other.
The licensees, for example, evolved from the Nizari Order, a branch of Ismailia, the second largest branch of Shi'ite Islam, and itself a stream that split from dominant Sunni Islam.
Hassan al-Sabah, The leader of the sect, was capable of expression, charm and charisma that succeeded in attracting many believers. During his missionary journeys throughout Persia, al-Sabah managed to take over the "Fortress of Immortality" - an ancient and isolated mountain fortress in the Alboraz Mountains north of Tehran, where he settled and settled with his followers.
Over the years, the Hashishians conquered other fortresses in the area and established a network of small autocracies with a society that functioned quite impressively. They made sure to cultivate crops and livestock, invested in enriching libraries, conducted religious studies and ceremonies, and, of course, embarked on brutal murder campaigns.
The Medieval Da'as
Like the sects and other extremist religious groups, the Hasashians also required iron discipline and total submission to the unquestioned leader who ordered his subjects to be ascetic, to refrain from drinking, and even to forbid music.
Al-Sabah was not afraid to impose sanctions on his relatives, and for example gave an order to kill one of his sons after he suspected that he had taken a little of the bitter taste of the forbidden alcohol.
Al-Sabah was so proud of the blind loyalty of the sect members that it was reported that during an important visitor's visit, when the two reached the upper part of the wall, the leader saw two young men wandering around, gesturing to the young men to jump off the wall. They did not pause for a moment and immediately jumped to their deaths.
The Hashishians were, as stated, the first Muslim groups to nurture the idea of glorification of death and the great reward of the Shahid in Paradise. The desire to die was their greatest hope, until in one case a mother was told that her son had returned safely from the war and began to cry and blacken her face.
Blue and white gentlemen, blue and white
The famous Jewish scholar Benjamin of Tudela, who discovers century-old countries, tells in his writings that during his travels he met twice with the licensees, Peres and Lebanon. He also describes that there were even several Jewish communities that lived under the rule of the license and cooperated with them:
"And from there forth to the land of Mulathat is the nation that does not believe in the religion of the Ishmaelites and dwells in great mountains, and they reproach the old man in the land of Cheshin, and among them four communities from Israel and go out with them to war. They have no burden of the king of Persia; for in the great mountains they live and go down from the mountains. Can fight with them and the Jews among them among them are Torah scholars and they are under the authority of the head of the community in Babylon. "
Today there are only two remains of the license period in the State of Israel, one of which is Kalamat Nimrod (Nimrod Fortress) - an ancient fortress located at the foot of Mount Hermon (3 km from Neve Ativ), which was used by the cult members during the 12 century.
This geographical control allowed the Hashishian community to exist in the ancient city of Banias, which is located under the fortress, until they were forced to transfer control of the city to the Crusaders for fear that the Sunnis would massacre them.
Do not you drink cannabis!
Around the license were countless stories and legends, with one of the most famous links between this group of fanatical murderers and the well-known hashish we all love.
The common claim is that the licensee used to consume the hashish before going into battle to make it easier for them to carry it under the influence of the drug.
Another theory holds that the intended suicide bombers were launched with a drink that contained it hashish And after they fell asleep they were brought into a magnificent hall with waterfalls, exotic fruits, ornamental plants and beautiful women, and then told them that once they died in battle they would experience the same euphoria again.
Not pot and no forest
The fact that a radical and murderous religious group has consumed hashish as part of a fixed ritual is quite pictorial, but most researchers now believe that There is no truth to this And that reports of the use of hashish originate mainly in hostile Sunni groups that sought to tarnish the Husaynites and give them the name of a morally rotten society.
The term "hashishia", which is mentioned in many terms in the context of the licensee sect, is in fact a commonly used derogatory term in the Muslim sources, which refers generally to the group that has been washed, in the style of "weeds."
Linguistic enthusiasts may take comfort in the fact that the license line apparently has left its mark on some of the languages of the modern world, when it is customary to attribute the origin of the word Assassin to those Hashishians following the repertoire they received as standard killers.
From the start, we did not buy the story of the "militant escalations" of these beloved Muslims, if only because there are so many more effective drugs to go into battle than to take a shack (or shock) of Arab hashish.