What causes the cannabis plant to become a 'mini-species', what are the implications for the crop and how to avoid unwanted surprises? All you wanted to know about hermaphrodite and how to deal with it.
It is reasonable to assume that almost every Cannabis tower with experience of 3-4 growth cycles was exposed to the appearance of Cannabis hermaphrodite in his vegetable garden. The phenomenon of dual sexuality in the cannabis plant and the ways to cope with it are both fascinating and controversial.
But before we get into the thick of it, let's get to know a number Basic concepts Essential to understanding the subject:
What is hermaphrodite?
Just like humans, along with the abundance of different organisms on our planet, to produce offspring and ensure the next generation, it is necessary to perform fertilization of male reproductive organs with female reproductive organs - how does this happen in cannabis?
While the vast majority of flowering plants in the world (about 90%) are "bisexual" plants that simultaneously develop male and female reproductive organs on the same plant - so that they have no dependence on another factor to perform fertilization - cannabis behaves differently.
Cannabis is found in a minority group (about 5%) of "one-sex" plants. These are plants that develop their reproductive system separately, so that some plants will have male reproductive organs only and other plants will appear female reproductive organs only, so that in order to perform proper and effective fertilization there is a need for "cooperation" of both sides:
male : Like many other males in the plant kingdom, cannabis has an important role to play pollination Efficient way for the female to sew and to produce seeds for the next generation. The male flower has stamens that produce pollen grains.
The first signs of male plant identification Will arrive at the flowering stage with the emergence of tiny "sacks" in the upper part of the plant. The bags will then develop into clusters with a number of male flowers of about 5 millimeters. The male flowers contain the pollen, the male penis in the plant. The pollen produce pollen grains that can fertilize the female.
Most cannabis towers for self use tend to discard plants that have been discovered to be 100 percent male, since the central psychoactive substance in cannabisTHC) Is hardly present in the male.
female: Its function (among other things) is to absorb the pollen grains produced by the male and then to undergo fertilization and produce seeds. The reproductive signs of the female are found in the joints of the plant. At first they will appear in the upper parts of the plant and will continue gradually down the plant. But instead of the male powder bags, a pair of little white hairs will appear.
Most of the active ingredient in cannabis is concentrated in trichomes located on the female inflorescence. The goal of the breeder is that female cannabis will remain non-fertilized, since after fertilization it will invest considerable energy and resources in producing the seeds - which, of course, detracts from the production of the active ingredients.
Definition of hermaphrodite in the cannabis plant
As mentioned, the term "hermaphrodite" in cannabis (as in the rest of the organisms) refers to a situation in which there is no presentation of sex signs of only one specific gender, but rather a situation in which the same plant develops male reproductive organs and female reproductive organs.
Cannabis can occur in one of the following two forms:
Simultaneous hermaphrodite - This is the most common and common phenomenon, when the flowering stage develops cannabis pollen sacs of the male (pollen sacks) parallel to the production of hairs and female inflorescence. In such cases it will be possible to distinguish clearly between the various organs that will appear at adjacent points but separate from each other on the plant.
Hermaphrodite is not simultaneous - When the reproductive organs develop at an unbroken rate with each other: This is usually a situation in which female inflorescence is already well developed and then there are initial signs of male reproductive organs in the form of "bananas" (small nannies) that will emerge from the flowers. These are actually male organs that did not have time to develop.
The causes of the hermaphrodite phenomenon
The main reason for a female cannabis plant may begin to develop male organs and become a hermaphrodite, first and foremost to enter a particular "stress" situation during the flowering phase. Such a situation may be caused, inter alia, by one of the following reasons:
- Inconsistent light regime / light leakage - Most varieties of cannabis need a period of about two consecutive months with 12 hours of total darkness on the day to perform Full bloom, But frequent disturbances and changes in the hours of light and darkness, as well as "leakage" of external light during the dark time of plants, can confuse the plant.
- Heat and intense lighting - Cannabis is able to cope with fairly high temperatures and strong light flux, but extreme conditions of heat and light may also damage the plant.
- Breaking branches - or in fact any physical injury (including pruning, Clipping or Pinches) And aggressive behavior with the plant during the flowering phase can lead to stress.
- Late harvest - In some cases female cannabis is not Shortened in time May begin to develop male organs.
- Over-fertilization - Some growers are tempted to push the plant at the flowering stage as much as possible Nutrients. The strong desire to feed cannabis with the aim of increasing crop yields can cause serious damage when not careful enough.
- Pests Attack Parasites During the flowering phase, it may not only harm the growth rate, quality and yield of the final crop, but also "confuse" the plants with their sexuality.
Pesticides - In general, it is best to avoid using pesticides during flowering, since the flowers are (in most cases) the finished product, and there is no interest in spraying them with preparations containing substances of different toxicity levels, which can also cause other negative reactions in the plant.
- An uncontrolled root environment - Poor drainage, unbalanced acidity, extreme cold / heat in the substrate and a high percentage of salts (also called over-fertilization).
- It is also worth remembering that there are Cannabis species are considered particularly sensitive to the phenomenon of hermaphrodite And those with a tendency to develop parallel reproductive organs very easily.
Why Cannabis Towers Hate Hermaphrodite?
Over the years the Hermaphrodite cannabis plants have had a bad name and a negative stigma of a clearly undesirable phenomenon. The main reason for this is because the appearance of a bisexual plant in the garden will almost certainly lead to self-fertilization and the fertilization of the rest of the plants around them, which will lead to the development of flowers containing seeds.
In addition to the fact that many cannabis consumers interpret (not always correctly) the appearance of seeds in the inflorescence as a sign of poor growth or poor quality material, there is another problem with the use of these seeds in the future because in most cases seeds produced from the hermaphrodite plant will also have double reproductive organs, It is obvious that the towers are careful not to sprout and grow these seeds.
What Can You Do With Cannabis Hermaphrodite In The Garden?
Some cannabis growers attribute the appearance of bisexual signs on the plant as a kind of apocalyptic "day of mourning" that foreshadows the fate of cannabis, a sad thing when one considers that this is such a critical stage and after a fair amount of investment and effort. Across the Internet you can find discussion groups and forums about growing cannabis among some users Recommend to growers who found a hermaphrodite in the garden to throw it in the trash Out of fear of massive fertilization.
On the other hand, there are breeders who claim that giving up an adult cannabis plant in the midst of flowering only out of fear of the emergence of seeds in the final product is a price that is not worth paying, so it is best to leave the plant in the garden and try to deal with the phenomenon in order to minimize the damage.
In general, it can be said that in cases of cannabis appearance hermaphrodite in the garden has three options:
- Kill the plant and get rid of it - This is probably the safest option, but it is suitable for growers who are in a situation that they have no problem giving up a plant or two.
Download the "Bulbuls" manually - This may be a difficult task, but it is certainly feasible. It is recommended that before the removal of male pollen bags, the plant should be placed where the operation can be carried out in the most comfortable manner (if the cannabis remains in the closet, it is likely that it will be difficult to distinguish and effectively remove the pollinating sacks on the other side of the plant).
Another action that some growers do before removing the bulbuls is to spray water on them, because water can damage the fertilization ability of male pollinators. It is important to note that this method can yield satisfactory results, but it is reasonable to assume that there will be several "missed" and at the end of the day will still sprout seeds in the inflorescence, but the minimum dose.
Use of anti-rheumatic products Today, a number of preparations can be found (eg,Dutch Master Reverse) based on organic compounds and hormones (ethephon) that are supposed to disrupt the development of male reproductive organs and neutralize them completely. In Israel these products are not common but there is no problem ordering the product online.
Not the end of the world
It seems that the Cannabis Towers' phobia of finding seeds in the inflorescences has effectively fed the myth that the appearance of pollen bags on female cannabis is sufficient reason to impose a death sentence on the plant. But as we have seen, this is not so. In fact, it is still possible to complete the growth cycle to the fullest, while supervising the execution of several simple actions.
In addition, it is important to remember that although the growth of "sanslimia" (seedless) is certainly the ideal that every tower should aspire to, but the presence of seeds in the inflorescence is virtually no evidence of defective material: even in various places around the world that are considered top quality and leading in the field The cannabis in Barcelona, the cannabis suppliers in Israel and the famous coppishops of Amsterdam) can be encountered occasionally with flowers containing seeds - and yet a few good ambitions will confirm to all skeptics that these flowers are definitely worth their value. Baside that, A country is experiencing a dry season As our always should be Some seeds on the side in case of emergency…