A fruitful harvest of large and juicy flowers in autumn, are the result of proper planning already in the spring. Danny Danko explains some basic things you need to know for growing a giant marijuana plant
As the winter slowly disappears, thoughts of renewal begin to appear in our minds. Spring always brings hope to the future: the earth begins to warm up, and delicate sprouts begin to emerge from the ground. But the same sprouts and plants that we see in nature are perennial plants, which are designed to grow without problems throughout the year. Our favorite cannabis plant is an annual plant, which has to be replanted every spring in order to grow significantly during the summer growth period and then enter the flowering season in the autumn.
The best way to ensure larger plants, and subsequent to a more fruitful harvest, is to plant seeds or cuttings in raising the face under bulbs during the winter, before they are able to survive in the outside cultivation. This requires of course planning early and finding a habitat suitable for healthy and happy cannabis plants. You will need a warm place (recommended above 21 degrees), moist (50% humidity), also clean and well lit.
We strongly recommend the use of MH-Metal Halid bulbs for strong growth and optimum results in the growth stage. Quantity of watts That you use it will depend on the growth space. This can also be used for LEDs, fluorescent lamps or GNGs, but the MH spectrum is best suited to this stage of the plant life cycle, which will keep the minimum space between the branches.
The most huge plants in outdoor breeding actually began their lives in raising the face very early, some even as late as December. When the time is ripe to plant them outside, when the threat of cold has passed (varies between regions), they are already four feet high, with many strong, thick branches. This is the only way to get a massive harvest of 4 a kilo and a half like the monsters you see in the picture:
There are several ways To germinate marijuana seeds. Some people put the seed between two damp paper towels and simply wait for the root to come out, from where they gently move it to the growth substrate. The important thing to remember when doing this method is not to allow the germ to develop between the towels too long (and also - to keep the seed in the bed of the tumor with the root turned down).
The best way to sow is to simply plant the seed directly in the growth medium. Using a pen or even a finger, create a small hole at a depth of 1-2 cm, place the seed and cover it carefully. Keep the area moist and warm, within a few days you will see a small green sprout rising from the ground. When this happens, take the plant and place it under a suitable growth bulb.
Plants derived from seed have a tendency to grow differently compared to browning, with very vigorous branches growing given the right conditions of exposure to much light and proper fertilization. Many foreign growers prefer to start growing from seed precisely for this reason.
Implantation of cuttings
The best way to ensure uniform growth (very important for interior growers) and consistency in the features the breed will have Take cuttings From "mother plant".
Yihur is actually a piece of branch that we took from a plant in order to plant it and grow it as a plant in its own right. The plant actually becomes a small double of the mother plant, maintaining the same sexuality, compatible genetics and similar growth. Thus commercial breeders find themselves with plants that give the same performance, with a uniform top that prevents them from hiding the light to each other.
Cuttings are taken from a plant if at the growth stage with a sharp knife. Cut diagonally just below the point of connection, leaving at least three sets of whole leaves on your hole. Remove the leaves from the bottom joint and immediately place the hole in the designated rooting platform.
Temperature and humidity are two of the most important factors to encourage implantation, so use a heating bottom and plastic cap to get good heat and humidity results. A week later, you will see roots emerging under the rooting platform and new growth from the top of the plant. Now you are ready to move your rooted cuttings into the growth medium and start the growth phase.
Conservation of native plants
To get healthy cuttings, we need a healthy mother plant - which means a female plant that is in the growth stage and produces berry branches with green foliage on a regular basis. It is better to grow a mother plant under a MH bulb, although a fluorescent bulb can do the trick.
The best method to obtain a good-quality plant is to grow it from seed. But the only way we can know the species without sprouting it (except female seeds, of course) would be to take a shoot from the plant - and make the hole bloom. In this situation, the mother plant will remain under 18 / 6 (or 20 / 4 or 24 constant) while the selection is under 12 / 12 light.
Two weeks later you will see Signs of sex on the plant, But it is recommended to continue to bloom in order to ensure that the plant is not "rami" - bisexual. Any discovery of a male organ will force us to dispose of the mother plant, since all the plants that are extracted from it will probably develop "bulbuls" that will spread pollen and fertilize the garden, which will cause the plant to invest energy in raising seeds.
If the hole has evolved into a female, be sure that its mother plant is also female. In addition, it is recommended to use a plant that has never entered the 12 / 12 plant - plants that have been inflated under 12 / 12 and then returned to 18 / 6 tend to produce less cuttings with poor growth.
The mother plant should be fertilized with help Fertilizer that corresponds to the growth phase, While taking care to note signs of over-fertilization. Because they have a longer life span, they are in constant danger of fertilization problems and balancing acidity. Be sure to give them clean, acid-balanced water between fertilizing and fertilizing and see how healthy and happy they are.
The growth stage
After the sprout or hatch has already taken three or four sets of new leaves, it enters the growth stage, during which the plant will produce many leaves and branches. It is worth noting that we give the plant rich fertilizer In nitrogen, Since it is a macro-nutrient necessary for the development of green foliage.
On the bottles of fertilizer in the shops you can see the symbol N: P: K - the sign refers to nitrogen (nitrogen) tophosphorus (phosphorus) andpotassium (potassium). Use a high-yield fertilizer at the beginning of the N: P: K. Green leaves are a sign of a healthy plant with enough fertilizer, but yellowing leaves may indicate a deficiency in the foundation. On the other hand, burnt leaves on the edges may indicate excessive fertilization. In this case, rinse the plant and continue to fertilize in a more controlled manner.
It is important to remember that the larger the bucket or hole in which the cannabis grows, the more productive it will be. If you use a bucket, make sure it is no less than 20 liter to get a good yield from your growth. Giant buckets of 100 liters or more are great for growing outdoors and, of course, for raising your face if you want to continue the growth phase for more than one month.
A root system with a lot of space will significantly increase the amount of final crop compared to a root system that is developing narrowly. In foreign growth, Dig a hole the size of a square meter and make sure that it is deep enough. Now fill the hole in the ground suitable for growing, of course you can add additional fertilizers and recommended to use organic fertilizers such as Guano or compost.
Some growers like to add a material called polymer crystals to the soil, reducing the amount of water, since the crystals absorb liquids and release them to the roots at a slow rate. They are a great addition to your soil mix, especially if you do not have daily access to the plot.
The growth stage is an excellent time for pruning if we are interested in getting more branches and larger plants. Once cannabis grows three or four nodes, it is time to begin pruning.
Some growers "train" their plant by Tying the branches downwards. In this way, you can increase the surface area to which light is able to reach. In addition, the actual act sends a hormone to the other branches of the plant, which calls them to "fight" on the top of the plant. Remember, cannabis that grows in the form of shrubs will always yield more than cannabis, which is normal in the form of a fir tree.
Smart towers use external means such as a net to spread the branches of cannabis best. There are several types of nets, ranging from chickens to simple rope, but what everyone has in common is the equal division of the top. Cannabis that grows horizontally allows optimal exposure of light to the plant, allowing the plant to extract more flowers eventually.
The earliest growth times are the best period for foliage fertilization - spraying the leaves with water or with fine fertilizer. Plants are able to absorb essential elements through the stomata, making aloe vera fertilization an excellent way to insert those elements where they need them.
The alfalfa fertilization is best done in the early hours of the morning, before the sun reaches its highest point - so avoiding the burning of leaves and branches; In the middle of the day, the strong sun and bright light can cause the plant's phony to close. In addition, avoid spraying plants near their time of darkness, since the liquid will not have enough time to be absorbed in the plant and it will remain on the leaves - which can lead to the development of mold.
Another advantage of foliage fertilization is the cleaning of the leaves from dust - a dust that could damage the exposure of leaves to light. In addition, foliage fertilization deters insects and pests from nesting on the plant. Notice that you spray on both sides of the leaf - from above and below. Never spray your plant with a face tumor without protecting the bulb from the water. The alfalfa fertilizer should be stopped for two weeks within the flowering stage to prevent rotting of the flowers.
Move on to the flowering stage
Now that we have given them a good start, our plants are ready to bloom. We will change the nature of fertilizer to fertilizer with high values of phosphorus and potassium. The plants we have carefully grown for cannabis bush will soon become monstrous marijuana trees. Pleasant growth!
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